Climate change is impacting Iran, Pakistan, and Afghanistan in various ways, with water scarcity, droughts, floods, and extreme weather conditions being some of the most significant effects. According to recent reports, these three countries are located in a region that is highly vulnerable to climate change impacts, known as the Middle East and South Asia.
Iran has been severely affected by droughts in recent years, causing water shortages and agricultural losses in the central and southeastern regions. In addition, the country has experienced an increase in heatwaves, which have led to health risks and power outages. Pakistan has also been affected by floods and droughts, leading to significant economic losses, displacement, and food insecurity. The country has experienced an increase in heatwaves that have affected public health and productivity. Similarly, Afghanistan has been impacted by both floods and droughts, causing significant damage to infrastructure, agriculture, and livelihoods in certain regions. The country is also experiencing an increase in temperature, leading to melting glaciers and reduced water availability.
According to the Climate Change Performance Index 2021, Iran ranks 52nd, Pakistan ranks 133rd, and Afghanistan ranks 175th out of 58 countries in terms of climate change rankings.
To combat these effects, experts have suggested the development of a jointly administered market at the tri-borderland of Afghanistan, Iran, and Pakistan. The market could promote sustainable land use and resource management practices, such as reforestation and soil conservation, to reduce deforestation and land degradation. Additionally, the market could support the development of renewable energy projects, such as wind and solar power, to reduce reliance on fossil fuels.
Reporting by Maryam Habib and Dr. Muhammad Asim emphasizes the urgency of taking actions to combat climate change in the region. A joint market could be a viable solution to address the impacts of climate change in Iran, Pakistan, and Afghanistan.