RMR Blog

Iran and Pakistan make progress towards SDG 15, while Afghanistan faces challenges

Assistant Report Writers: Eman Abdur-Raheem and Sharjeel Ali Kamil Head Reporter and Content Analysis: Maryam Habib According to the SDG Index and Dashboards Report 2021, Iran and Pakistan have made significant progress towards achieving SDG 15 “Life on land” by implementing policies and programs to protect and restore ecosystems, combat desertification, and prevent biodiversity loss.

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Iran, Pakistan, and Afghanistan take steps towards fulfilling SDG 14

Reporting and Written by Maryam Habib As a landlocked country, Afghanistan faces unique challenges in fulfilling Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 14. However, the country has several rivers and lakes, such as the Amu Darya, Hari Rud, and Band-e Amir National Park, which are important freshwater resources and can contribute to achieving some of the targets

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Assessing Progress towards SDG 11 in Iran, Pakistan, and Afghanistan

Written by Maryam Habib and Dr. Muhammad Asim IntroductionSustainable Development Goal 11 aims to make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable. Achieving this goal requires significant efforts from governments and other stakeholders to improve urban infrastructure, access to basic services, and disaster preparedness. To assess the progress of Iran, Pakistan, and Afghanistan

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Addressing Inequalities in Iran, Pakistan, and Afghanistan: Insights from Inequality and Human Development Indexes

Written by Maryam Habib and Dr. Muhammad Asim Introduction Inequalities in income, education, health, and other social indicators continue to persist across countries, hindering the progress towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Among the SDGs, Goal 10 emphasizes reducing inequalities within and among countries. In this essay, we will examine the Inequality Index and

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Examining Scientific Development Indexes in Afghanistan, Iran, and Pakistan to Achieve SDG 9

Written by Maryam Habib and Dr. Muhammad Asim The study examined the current ratings of Afghanistan, Iran, and Pakistan in achieving the targets of SDG 9, which focuses on building resilient infrastructure, promoting sustainable industrialization, and fostering innovation. Through the use of various scientific development indexes, including the Global Innovation Index, the World Economic Forum’s

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Challenges and Prospects for Promoting Decent Work and Economic Growth in Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan; A case Study of Analyzing SDG-8

Written by Maryam Habib and Dr. Muhammad Asim IntroductionSustainable Development Goal 8 (SDG 8) aims to promote sustained, inclusive, and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment, and decent work for all. However, achieving these targets remains a significant challenge for many countries, including Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. This comparative analysis will examine the progress

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A Jointly Administered Market at the Tri-borderland: Fulfilling SDGs in Afghanistan, Iran, and Pakistan

Written by Maryam Habib and Dr. Muhammad Asim Introduction The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a comprehensive set of 17 targets aimed at eradicating poverty, ensuring sustainable development, and promoting social, economic, and environmental well-being worldwide. Afghanistan, Iran, and Pakistan, three neighboring countries sharing a common border at the Tri-borderland, face multiple challenges in achieving

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Afghanistan’s Transition to a Strict State-Centric Unitary System

Written by Dr. Muhammad Asim Afghanistan has undergone significant political changes since the Taliban takeover on August 15, 2021. Despite the international community’s concerns regarding human rights violations and theocratic tendencies of the new regime, Afghanistan’s foreign policy towards its neighboring countries remains lenient, particularly towards Iran, Russia, China, and other Central Asian republics, through

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Political Parties and Interest Groups in Ethnically Divided States: A Comparative Study of Pakistan, Iran and Afghanistan

Analyzed and Discussed by Dr. Muhammad Asim IntroductionIn ethnically divided states like Pakistan, Iran, and Afghanistan, differentiating between political parties and interest groups can be challenging, as both entities may have overlapping or conflicting interests related to ethnic identity and representation. In such a context, political parties may be legally organized along ethnic lines, use

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Gender Discrimination and Women Empowerment in Pakistan: A Review of Current Trends and Practices

Written by Maryam Habib (Director Islamabad Institute for Inter-faith Harmony and Public Life, Islamabad) AbstractGender discrimination and women empowerment are two important phenomena that are currently shaping the social, political, and economic landscape of Pakistan. While some parts of the country have made significant progress towards gender equality, others continue to face challenges due to

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Border Restrictions as an Insult to Centuries-Old Relations in Pak-Afghan, Pak-Iran, and Iran-Afghan Border Areas: An Essay written by Dr. Muhammad Asim

IntroductionThe border areas of Pak-Afghan, Pak-Iran, and Iran-Afghan have a long history of shared cultural, economic, and social ties. The communities living in these regions have centuries-old relationships based on blood, culture, language, and religion. However, these relationships have been challenged by the imposition of border restrictions and security checkpoints that hinder the free movement

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Perceptions of Pakistan’s neighbors as a hindrance to its economic and social progress: An analysis of Pakistan’s Balochis’ Views by Dr. Muhammad Asim

Pakistan’s progress as a nation has been hindered by various factors, both internal and external. One such factor is the perception of its neighbors, Afghanistan, India, and Iran, as hindrances to its economic and social growth. The majority of Pakistani inhabitants do not believe in the nationhood of terrorists and consider them to be proxies

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Economic Uncertainty Feels Artificial: Dr. Asim

How is it possible that the USD rate at the Pak-Afghan border is almost Rs.300 and it only cost between 80 to 90 rupees in Afghan markets? Dr. Muhammad Asim gave his lecture to Research Associates in the seminar on the “Current Political Economy of Pakistan” on March 02, 2023. While highlighting the economic indicators,

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